PL EN


2009 | 51 | 2-3 | 237-249
Article title

COUNTERFACTUAL THINKING AS A COPING STRATEGY - COGNITIVE AND EMOTIONAL ASPECTS

Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
A study showed the occurrence and characteristics of counterfactual thinking (CT) in relation to sense of coherence (SOC), that expresses coping effectiveness, and in relation to anxiety and self-esteem. A configurable frequency analysis was used to determine types. The combination of high coping effectiveness (SOC) with CT (rarer, helpful in solving future problems, not saddening, not inhibiting future problem solving) was confirmed - as type 1, in which cognitive aspects of CT prevail. Type 2 represents lower SOC in combination with CT (frequent, saddening, not helpful, rather inhibiting the solving of future problems) - emotional aspects of CT prevail in this type. The combination of CT characteristics with anxiety introduced a single type: high anxiety, frequent CT, saddening CT and CT does not help future solutions, CT inhibits future solutions. Any distinct type regarding the relation between CT characteristics and self-esteem was observed. CT characteristics are also discussed in relation to Big Five factors describing personality.
Year
Volume
51
Issue
2-3
Pages
237-249
Physical description
Document type
ARTICLE
Contributors
  • Zdena Ruiselova, Institute of Experimental Psychology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dubravska cesta 9, 813 64 Bratislava, Slovak Republic; www.psychologia.sav.sk/sp/
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
09SKAAAA065819
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.3bddadef-44ea-3575-89dc-835725b8b1ab
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