In their study the authors show the adaptation of the 'Aspiration Index' in the Hungarian context that is for testing the 'self Determination Theory' by Deci and Ryan (1985, 2000). According to the assumptions of the functioning of personality, its health or pathological nature is a result of the characteristic pattern of intrinsic and extrinsic life goals. According to the results of available empirical data regardless of gender, cultural background, social-economic status in the case of dominant intrinsic motivation indicators of well-being, mental and physical health are higher, while lower in the case of dominant extrinsic motivation. The authors' results are in accordance with previous international research: 1. Clear intrinsic and extrinsic factors appear in the motivational goal system measured by the Aspiration Index; 2. Validating questionnaires applied in our study (BDI for measuring depression and NEO-PI-R and TCI for measuring personality trait structure) showed healthier personality operation in the case of dominant intrinsic motivation, while dominant extrinsic motivation was connected with less efficient personality operation.