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2008 | R. 2008 | 57-65

Article title

Na drodze do autonomicznego uczenia się w okresie dojrzałej dorosłości


Title variants

On the Way to Autonomous Learning in Late Adulthood

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The authoress examines the subject of autonomous learning during late adulthood. Referring to the book by Knud Illeris 'Three Dimensions of Learning' and to her own research and didactic experiences, she asks questions about capabilities to learn autonomously during successive stages in the life of an adult, where education, being generally a combination of necessity and capability, is often undertaken as a compromise between one's desires and one's life needs as well as between one's desires and social expectations. The authoress takes particular interest in the period of late adulthood that stretches from the turning point in one's life to the point when one's life comes to an end. According to Knud Illeris it is during this period that an individual is being gradually liberated from the social determinants of learning. In order to explain what this turning point in life may be she refers to the concept of biographical experiencing of floating, proposed by Agnieszka Bron (2006, 2009). The authoress also presents her students' reflections on being autonomous while learning, expressed after the meetings with the members of the University of the Third Age in Zielona Góra. Furthermore, she defines the scope of discourse conducted with the students within the frames of andragogy classes, which was inspired by the questions about autonomy and freedom of learning. In the end, the authoress refers to her own biographical research, which were conducted among part-time students from the borderland region and often focused heavily on education as seen from the point of view of obligation and life necessity.





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  • Malgorzata Olejarz, Uniwersytet Zielonogórski, Zaklad Animacji Kultury i Andragogiki, al. Wojska Polskiego. 86, 65-001 Zielona Góra, Poland.


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