VICTORIOUS COMMANDER AND TREACHEROUS WARLORD. THE FIGURE OF WLADYSLAW ANDERS IN POLITICAL MYTHOLOGY OF THE POLISH POST-JALTA EMIGRATION
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This article attempts to present main characteristics of the myth surrounding the most important person of the Polish post WWII emigration: General Wladyslaw Anders - a victorious commander and patriot, unsubdued fighter for Polish independence. The author does not record wartime and exile activities or the events that he took part in. It can be even claimed that the article is not focusing on General Anders, but rather on his image conceived and cherished in collective imagination of the exiles. This mythical image can be extracted from various sources like émigrés newspapers, brochures, publications, public speeches and private correspondence. To be able to grasp the meaning of the myth, we need to account also for the counter-narrative that was also present in some émigrés circles: the image of a treacherous warlord, who betrays national cause and his soldiers in order to advance his own career. The article records how the myth developed in social circles of the 'emigracja', specially the combatant associations and pays special attention to myth's social functions for the exiles group. In fact, it is this group that is the subject of analysis, since by constructing elaborate narratives about its leader, the émigrés projected his image as an embodiment of the group; hence the myth defined collective identity, deciphered group history and established its goals and tasks for the future.
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