ASSOCIATION OF THE SLOVAK NATIONAL THEATRE
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The study by a historian Frantisek Bokes (1906 -1968) from the beginning of the 60-ies of the 20th century has been preserved in the archives of the Cabinet of Theatre and Film of the Slovak Academy of Sciences. The study is dedicated to analysis of development in the period of the first years of existence of the Slovak National Theatre from the aspect of the social - administrative connections of the origin of the first professional theatre in Slovakia. The operator of the Slovak National Theatre was the Association of the same name, established in 1919. The chairman of the Association became the Minister with full powers for governing Slovakia Dr. Vavro Srobar. This Association became the holder of the licence for professional theatrical activity in the whole territory of Slovakia. The theatre season was shared also by Czech, German and Hungarian theatre troupes, so that several months in year the Slovak national theatre (SNT) was performing in Kosice and other Slovak cities. In the season of 1921/22 the Promotional Troupe of SNT was also formed. Its mission was to exclusively perform in smaller cities and to promote Slovak (or more precisely Czech and Slovak) professional theatre. While the Association was dealing with the issue of operation, mostly with raising needed financial resources, the goal of the SNT artistic management was to create the conditions for gradual recruiting the Slovak artists and introducing the Slovak plays. In 1923 The Association of the SNT mandated the so called Actors' House, which in 70 appartments faciliated to stabilize the artistic powers of three SNT troupes (drama, opera, ballet). In the course of year 1923 there was a significant complication in the sphere of financial situation of the SNT. After the Minister of Education and National Enlightenment had been changed (Dr. Srobar had been after two years replaced by the Minister Rudolf Bechyne representing the social – democratic party), the state subvention was decreased and the finance supervision was tightened. The result of economic pressure on the Association was in the end concluding an agreement between the Ministry and the Association of the SNT, which meant that the SNT management went over into hands of the private theatre entrepreneur, a famous conductor Oskar Nedbal. This in fact concluded development phase where the Association of the SNT had played a key role, and in further years it remained in position of a representaive- control body.
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