UNKNOWN ARTEFACTS FROM TOPORNICA AND WIEPRZEC, ZAMOSC COMMUNE, OBTAINED FROM PRIVATE COLLECTIONS AND FROM ARCHAEOLOGICAL INSTITUTIONS IN THE LUBLIN REGION
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The collection of artefacts presented in the paper allows for a few conclusions which are important for the reconstruction of the Lusatian settlement times, stretching along the river of Topornica (Wieprzec), although it contains only items which were found out of context. The first important observation concerns the determination of the beginnings of settlement at this territory. It seems that the earlier phase -Trzciniec culture was replaced by the Lusatian culture already at the end of the middle period of the Bronze Age. It also appears that the period of the most intensive development of the region took place in the younger and later Bronze Age. The presence of some bronze artefacts of eastern provenance signals the possibility that this direction of connections could have been of crucial importance for the area under study. It seems that initially, the local societies had contacts with the people from the Wysocko culture, and next with societies inhabiting the territory of forest and steppe which were under the rule of the Scythians. These could be brought about by the inflowing people from the east, a movement which can be traced on the basis of Scythian findings: small weaponry, jewellery, and parts of horse harness. It appears that the best conditions for migration of people and things were in the river valleys of the West-Volhynian Upland and Zamosc Padol. The Lusatian region on the Topornica was on the way and in the way of this migration.
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