'Cinema of reversed time' that is how one could call a group of films, where the technique of 'détournement' is used. 'Détournement' (turning around of images) of art, including films, was already practiced in film soon after the Second World War. For example kung-fu films were given new, revolutionary dialogues by the representatives of Lettrism. A good example of a film employing the technique of détournement is the cartoon by Lorelei Pepi 'Happy & Gay' (2009), made in the style of early animated talkies, but with gay and lesbian characters. Two other good examples of playing with the conventions of old films are 'Saddest Music in the World' and 'Cowards Bend the Knee' (both from 2003), in which styles and genres are mixed, and once forbidden contents introduced. 'Détournement' is sometimes also practiced by film makers associated with the found footage movement. In particular the work of Martin Arnold, in which he uses single frames from Hollywood films, deserves a mention.
Marcin Gizycki, Rhode Island School of Design, 2 College Street, Providence, RI 02903, USA
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