This paper is focused on an analysis of the cognitive and pragmatic aspects of organizational culture in management. Its conclusion attempts to sketch perspectives for the resolutions of problems. Research must accept methodological pluralism encumbered by manifold paradigms and definitions of organizational culture. Openness to concepts and methods derived from other scientific disciplines is also important. The field of organizational culture is no longer restricted to the liberal arts and social studies - sociology, cultural anthropology, culture studies, and linguistics - but now also includes exact sciences - cognitive sciences, evolutionary biology, and information technologies. Explanations of cultural processes will probably be a part of the scientific revolution coupling together the questions of social and natural sciences.