The study aimed at evaluating of the role of communication channels in recognition of facial and vocal expression of emotions. It was based on ABAKUS experiment, which is the modification of Davitz's search paradigm (1964). The results confirmed the assumption of additivity of visual an acoustic channels. The subjects (N=90) recognized emotions quicker and with greater accuracy when they were presented in the visuo-acoustic than in the acoustic channel. Moreover the dynamic form of presentation (film) resulted in the higher rates of recognition than the static one (photographs). Recognizing emotions from vocal expression turned out to be the most difficult. The most common errors made by the subjects were confusion of fear and sadness in acoustic channel and fear and anger in visual channel.
H. Bednarek, Uniwersytet Lódzki, Instytut Psychologii, ul. Smugowa 10/12, 91-433 Lódz, Poland
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