GERMAN THEMES IN THE CARICATURES OF POLISH SATIRICAL JOURNALS OF THE SECOND REPUBLIC OF POLAND (A STATISTICAL ANALYSIS) (Problematyka niemiecka w karykaturach polskich czasopism satyrycznych Drugiej Rzeczypospolitej (analiza statystyczna))
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The article deals with the presence of a broadly understood German theme in Polish iconographic satire in the years 1918-1939. The topic is discussed not according to the criterion of pictorial content but in a statistical quantitative perspective comparing the interest of caricaturists in other prominent issues and persons of those times that could be considered as personified 'heroes' of the caricatural messages. The German theme recurred in all the analyzed satirical journals regardless of the period of their publication and the political sympathies of their editors and satirists. For nearly the whole of the two interwar decades the leading journal was the Warsaw 'Mucha', at the beginning of the analyzed period it was the Lwów 'Szczutek', in the years 1926-1934 the most popular journal was 'Cyrulik Warszawski', in the years 1930-1939 the Kraków 'Wróble na dachu' and in the second half on the 1930s the Warsaw 'Szpilki' and the Wielkopolska 'Pokrzywy'. In the last pre-war years interest in broadly understood German issues dominated over Polish foreign policy and international issues in the coverage of iconographic satire.
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