Ruský gosudar a zlo v ruském politickém myšlení přelomu 15. a 16. století
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THE RUSSIAN GOSUDAR AND THE EVIL IN THE RUSSIAN POLITICAL THOUGHT AT THE TURN OF THE 15TH AND 16TH CENTURY
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After the definitive overthrow of a Tartar yoke, the ruler ascending to the throne of will of the Mongolian khans was becoming a self-confident 'gosudar i samoderzavec vseja Ruskija zemli'. In conjunction with this transformation he was becoming responsible to the God for all his empire. Consequently, from the perspective of the earth-bound course of events, the 'gosudar i samoderzavec vseja Ruskija zemli' stood over the law and the way of interpreting and observing the commandment was up to him. The ruler himself was deciding what he will or will not consider being evil and what will be his contingent attitude towards it. The only lawful possibility to influence his acts is to draw the grand prince's attention to the danger that should be avoided in his acts and from which he should protect his liege people, to not to destroy himself and his empire. Josif Sanin chose this possibility. It was up to the grand price (since the 1547 the tsar) himself to decide how to dispose of a responsibility that Sanin and his successors put on his shoulders; he was also the one who made the decision if he would become a bearer of evil or if he would be able to protect his liege people.
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