The article deals with the issue of 'psychological education' mentioned by Jung in 'Psychological Types' where he writes about individuation. He says that individuation is not the only goal of education, pointing out that the absorption of a certain number of social rules is a necessary basis for it. It is shown that the system of analytical psychology includes some ideas from the theory of self-education. 'Psychological education' is a type of self-improvement and mainly concerns adults. Generally, the idea of self-education is contradictory in itself, because education is a social concept, but modern education tends to underline the autonomy of people in upbringing. The ontology of 'psychological education' is also dealt with here to explain how self-improvement and self-education are possible. The role of phantasmagoria (night and day dreams, visions), the totality of the psyche and its teleology, which tends to be Fullness, are the most important reasons.