PL EN


2010 | 41 | 1 | 20-30
Article title

The feminine and masculine gender role stress — conclusions from Polish studies

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The concept of gender role stress is based on the assumption that some women and men might have problems adapting to the feminine and masculine gender roles imposed on them by society. 1515 people took part in the study to verify feminine and masculine gender role stress models in the Polish population. The studies show that the five-factor feminine and masculine stress models are justified. Men display higher stress connected with 'physical inadequacy' than women, whereas women score higher on other subscales associated with feminine and masculine gender role stress. Gender role stress is more connected with femininity. Personality correlates of gender role stress were sought.
Year
Volume
41
Issue
1
Pages
20-30
Physical description
Document type
ARTICLE
Contributors
  • Maria Kazmierczak, Institute of Psychology, University of Gdansk, ul. Bazynskiego 4, 80-952 Gdansk, Poland
References
  • Arrindell, W. A., Kolk, A. M., Martin, K., Kwee, M. G. T., & Booms, E. O. H. (2003). Masculine gender role stress: a potential predictor of phobic and obsessive-compulsive behavior.Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 34, 251-267.
  • Batinic, B., Wolff, H.-G., & Haupt, Ch. M. (2008). Construction and factorial structure of a short version of the Trendsetting Questionnaire (TDS-K): a cross-validation using multigroup confirmatory factor analyses.European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 24(2), 88-94.
  • Bekker, M. H. J., & Boselie, K. A. H. M. (2002). Gender and stress: is gender role stress? A re-examination of the relationship between feminine gender role stress and eating disorders.Stress and Health, 18, 141-149.
  • Bekker, M. H. J. & Mens-Verhulst, J. (2007). Anxiety disorders: sex differences in prevalence, degree, and background, but gender-neutral treatment.Gender Medicine, 4, 178-193.
  • Bem, S. (1981). Gender schema theory: A cognitive account of sex typing.Psychological Review, 88, 354-364.
  • Boski, P. (2006). Męskosc — Kobiecosc jako Wymiar Kulturowy. Koncepcje — problemy — pytania — badania [Masculinity — Femininity as the Dimension of Culture. Conceptions — problems — questions — studies.] In A. Chybicka & M. Kazmierczak (Ed.),Woman in culture(pp.19-53). Cracow: IMPULS.
  • Browne, M. W., & Cudeck, R. (1993). Alternative ways of assessing model fit. In K. A. Bollen & J. S. Long (Eds.),Testing structural equation models(pp. 136-162). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
  • Brzezinski, J. (2005).Metodologia badań psychologicznych [Methodology of psychological studies]. Warsow: PWN.
  • Copenhaver, M. M., & Eisler, R. M. (1996). Masculine gender role stress: A perspective on men's health. In P. M. Kato (Ed.),Health psychology of special populations: Issues in age, gender, and ethnicity(pp. 219-235). New York: Plenum.
  • Eisler, R. M., & Skidmore, J. R. (1987). Masculine gender-role stress: Scale development and component factors in the appraisal of stressful situations.Behavior Modification, 11, 123-136.
  • Eisler, R. M., Skidmore, J. R., & Ward, C. H. (1988). Masculine genderrole stress: Predictor of anger, anxiety and health-risk behaviors.Journal of Personality Assessment, 52, 133-141.
  • Eisler, R. M. (1995). The relationship between masculine gender role stress and men's health risk: The validation of a construct. In R. F. Levant & W. S. Pollack (Ed.),A new psychology of men(pp. 207-225). New York: Basic.
  • Finney, S. J., & DiStefano, C. (2006). Nonnormal and categorical data in structural equation models. In G. R. Hancock & R. O. Mueller (Eds.).A second course in structural equation modeling(pp. 269-314). Greenwich, CT: Information Age.
  • Gillespie, B. L., & Eisler, R. M. (1992). Development of the feminine gender role stress scale: A cognitive-behavioral measure of stress, appraisal, and coping for women.Behavior Modification, 16, 426-438.
  • Goals and pursuits of the Poles.(2006, April). Retrieved September 15, 2008, fromhttp://www.cbos.pl/SPISKOM.POL/2006/K_069_06.PDF
  • Howell, D. C. (2000).Statistical methods for psychology (5th ed.).Belmont: Duxbury
  • Hu, L.-T., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: conventional criteria versus new alternatives.Structural Equation Modeling, 6(1), 1-55.
  • Kaźmierczak, M. (2008). Psychological femininity-masculinity and empathy as determinants of marital quality.Polish Journal of Social Science, 3, 1, 201-212.
  • Kaźmierczak, M., Zapaśnik, A., & Karasiewicz, K. (2010). Life plans of homosexual and heterosexual men in Poland, in a socio-cultural perspective. In A. Kwiatkowska, S. F. Safdar, A. Chybicka (Ed.),Culture & Gender. An Intimate Relation.Gdańsk: GWP, 247-267.
  • Kaźmierczak, M., & Goodwin R. (2010).Gendered Body-Self in the Third Trimester of Pregnancy.Manuscript submitted for publication.
  • Konarski, R. (2010).Modele równań strukturalnych. Teoria i praktyka. [Structural equation modeling. Theory and practice].Warsow: PWN.
  • Kreft, B. (2008).Integration of home and nonhome roles in the context of gender identity.Unpublished master's thesis written under the direction of M. Kaźmierczak, Instutite of Psychology, University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland.
  • Kuczyńska, A. (1992).Inwentarz do Oceny Plci Psychologicznej [The Psychological Sex Inventory].Warsow: PTP.
  • A. (2002). Płeć psychologiczna idealnego i rzeczywistego partnera zyciowego oraz jej wpływ na jakość realnie utworzonych związków.Przegląd Psychologiczny, 4, 385-399.
  • Kwiatkowska, A., & Nowakowska, A. (2006). Mezczyzna Polski [The Polish Man]. Bialystok: Wyd. Wyzszej Szkoly Ekonomicznej.
  • Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984).Stress, appraisal, and coping.New York: Springer.
  • MacCullum, R. C., Browne, M. W., & Sugawara, H. M. (1996). Power analysis and determination of sample size for covariance structure modeling.Psychological Methods, 1, 130-149.
  • Mandal, E. (2007). Women and men and professional work. In E. Mandal (Ed.),In the circle of gender(pp. 79-91). Katowice: Wyd. Uniwersytetu Sląskiego.
  • Martz, D. M., Handley, K. B., & Eisler, R. M. (1995). The relationship between feminine gender role stress, body image, and eating disorders.Psychology of Women Quarterly, 19, 493-508.
  • Matczak, A. (2001).Kwestionariusz Kompetencji Społecznych, Podręcznik do testu [Questionnaire of Social Competence. Handbook].Warszawa: PTP.
  • McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. T. (2005).Osobowość dorosĺego człowieka. Perspektywa teorii pięcioczynnikowej. [Personality in adulthood. A Five-Factor theory perspective].Crakow: WAM.
  • McCreary, D. R., Newcomb, M. D., & Sadava, S. W. (1998). Dimensions of the male gender role: a confirmatory analysis in men and women.Sex Roles, 39, 1 / 2, 81-95.
  • McCreary, D. R., Wong, F. Y., Wiener, W., Carpenter, K. M., Engle, A., & Nelson P. (1996). The relationship between masculine gender role stress and psychological adjustment: a question of construct validity?Sex Roles, 34, 7/8, 507-516.
  • Moore, T. M., Stuart, G. L., McNulty, J. K., Addis, M. E., Cordova, J. V., & Temple, J. R. (2008). Domains of masculine gender role stress and intimate partner violence in a clinical sample of violent men.Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 9(2), 82-89.
  • Muncer, S., & Campbell, A. (2004). Confirmatory factor analysis and the factor structure of expagg in context: a reply to Forrest et al.Aggressive Behavior, 30, 146-157.
  • Olsson, U. H., Troye, S. V., & Howell, R. D. (1999). Theoretic fit and empirical fit: the performance of maximum likelihood versus generalized least squares estimation in structural equation models.Multivariate Behavioral Research, 34(1), 31-58.
  • Olsson, U. H., Foss, T., Troye, S. V., & Howell, R. D. (2000). The performance of ML, GLS, and WLS estimation in structural equation modeling under conditions of misspecification and nonnormality.Structural Equation Modeling, 7(4), 557-595.
  • Prentice, D. A., & Carranza, E. (2002). What women and men should be, shouldn't be, are allowed to be, and don't have to be: The contents of prescriptive gender stereotypes.Psychology of Women Quarterly, 26, 268-281.
  • Stanik, J. M. (2006). Inwentarz do badania zaburzén osobowości według DSM-IV; IBZO-DSM-IV [IBZO-DSM-IV Inventory]. In J. M. Stanik (Ed.)Zastosowanie wybranych technik diagnostycznych w psychologicznej praktyce klinicznej i sądowej [Diagnostic measures in clinical and forensic psychological practice](pp. 17-50). Katowice: Wyd. Uniwersytetu Śląskiego.
  • Roberts, T-A., & Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (1994). Gender comparisons in responsiveness to others' evaluations in achievement settings.Psychology of Women Quarterly, 18, 221-240.
  • Rudman, L. A., & Glick, P. (2008).The social psychology of gender. How power and intimacy shape gender relations.New York, London: The Guilford Press.
  • Simsek, Z., Veiga, J. F., Lubatkin, M. H., & Dino, R. N. (2005). Modeling the multilevel determinants of top management team behavioral integration.Academy of Management Journal, 48(1), 69-84.
  • Spence, J. T., Helmreich, R., & Stapp, J. (1974). The Personal Attributes Questionnaire: A measure of sex role stereotypes and masculinity-femininity.JSAS Catalog of Selected Documents in Psychology, 4, 43.
  • Tang, C. S-K., & Lau, B. H-B. (1996). The Chinese gender role stress scales: factor structure and predictive validity.Behavior Modification, 20, 321-337.
  • Van Well, S., Kolk, A. M., & Arrindell, W. A. (2005). Cross-cultural validity of the masculine and feminine gender role stress scales.Journal of Personality Assessment, 84(3), 271-278.
  • Wolfram H-J., Mohr, G., & Borchert, J. (2009). Gender role self-concept, gender-role conflict, and well-being in male primary school teachers.Sex roles, 60, 1, 114-127.
  • Williams J. E., Satterwhite, R. C. & Best, D. L. (1999). Pancultural gender stereotypes revisited: the Five Factor Model.Sex Roles, 40, 7/8, 513-525.
  • Zbierska, I. (2008).Marriage today — between tradition and equality. Imnstrumental and expressive traits and sex-role attitudes in spouses' daily life.Unpublished master's thesis written under the direction of M. Kaźmierczak, Instutite of Psychology, University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
11PLAAAA091223
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.3ffb65a6-e2a7-36a2-b734-17fa368e6c0b
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.