Emancipation of women in the regions of Western Ukraine in the early twentieth century: social and linguistic aspect
This paper presents an outline of development of the emancipation movement in the territory of present-day Ukraine from the last third of the nineteenth century to the end of the 1930s (when the Sovietization of Ukraine culminates), the development of women’s self-awareness, and the increasing presence of women in Ukrainian public life – and its influence on dissemination of women’s official and managerial names in Ukrainian press releases. It focuses mainly on the research of feminist ideas and the nature of their spreading in various regions of western Ukraine in the 1920s and 1930s which, in this period, were part of different state arrangements (Poland, Romania, Czechoslovakia) compared to the Soviet Ukraine; the role of women’s organizations in shaping women’s public awareness and public opinion of a woman as a full-fledged active person, and the role of periodicals in this process. Explored are the changes in the position of women in western Ukraine, reflection on the processes of feminization of society in the dynamics of the female lexicon at the beginning of the twentieth century. The problems of women’s emancipation in Ukrainian society are observed against the background of intensifying feminization processes in the West Ukrainian version of the Ukrainian language in the 1920s–1930s. The research material consisted of the texts of the West Ukrainian press releases from the 1920s and 1930s. The material used for illustration testifies to the spheres and facts of functioning of the then established, as well as newly created language designations of the female person, especially the official and managerial names in the language of West Ukrainian periodicals.
Moderní dějiny, redakce, Historický ústav AV ČR, v.v.i., Prosecká 76, 190 00 Praha 9, Czech Republic
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