THE EUROPEAN UNION BUDGET AFTER 2013 - DIRECTIONS OF CHANGE IN THE LIGHT OF THE ANALYSIS OF THE POSITION OF THE MEMBER STATES' GOVERNMENTS (Polish title -below)
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(Title in Polish - 'Budzet Unii Europejskiej po 2013 roku - kierunki zmian w swietle analizy stanowisk rzadów krajów czlonkowskich'). The creation of principles of financing the European Union which are to come into force in 2014 is connected with some serious challenges. Taking into account the existing differences in the level of economic development of the present European Union member states, it is essential to acknowledge the mechanisms of solidarity. There is some concern that in the future that solidarity will continue to decrease. The establishment of a new source of individual funds in the form of income from the so-called European tax is not very probable due to an evident opposition from a big group of countries. The spending which will certainly cause the biggest controversies among the member states is the financing of the Common Agricultural Policy and regional support. An important area for negotiations will also be constituted by the issue of rebates which benefit the United Kingdom and some other countries being net payers. The shape of the future European Union budget will be determined by the integration model which is planned to be practically implemented. The key issue is whether the future integration model will be limited to the implementation of ambitious long-term objectives or only to current intervention activities. The factor that will strongly affect the negotiations of how to finance the European Union in the period after 2013 is the condition of public finance in the member states, especially those which are net payers. The global economic crisis caused a considerable increase of budget deficits and resulted in the rise of public debt. Thus, the possibilities to increase the Union budget are rather limited.
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