PL EN


2008 | 41 | 3 | 155-172
Article title

K diagnostice v česky psaných lékařských sbornících 15. a 16. století

Authors
Title variants
EN
ON DIAGNOSTICS IN CZECH WRITTEN MEDICAL COLLECTIONS OF THE 15TH AND 16TH CENTURIES
Languages of publication
CS
Abstracts
EN
Diagnostic methods of medieval medicine are represented in Czech written manuscript collections above all by uroscopic and hematoscopic treatises from medical compendium of unknown Franciscan. It is a translation of the so called Arzneibuch by Ortolf von Bayerland from the 1st half of the 15th century, coming out from canonic Latin diagnostic procedure (Issac Iudaeus, Aegidius). The Old-Czech doctrine about urine examination and pulse measuring is thus reclined by the Latin school tradition. In therapeutic oriented texts minimal attention is devoted to the description of diseases signs. Leprosy is an exception. Described signs correspond to the medieval convention the same as the quoted diagnostic methods of experimental character. These Old-Czech collections differ rather fundamentally from tradition of school medicine in the case of complication (disease) described as 'a night-mare' that is not perceived as a medical problem but as magic one and as a question of faith. The reason of difficulties is not searched in humoral pathology but in an external aggressor, either demon (incubus) or a person able to practise sorcery. Only analysis of recommended therapeutic means having rather ritualised character (apotropaic amulets, ritual taboos, inverse courses) enables bringing to light background of the particular Old-Czech diagnosis.
Discipline
Year
Volume
41
Issue
3
Pages
155-172
Physical description
Document type
ARTICLE
Contributors
author
  • David. Tomicek, Filozoficka fakulta UJEP, Ceske mladeze 8, 400 96 Usti nad Labem, Czech Republic
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
09CZAAAA062621
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.405e335f-4de1-3d81-8261-8fe4eda057cc
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