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2021 | 82 | 2 | 95-117
Article title

Kompozitnosť a kompozícia: príspevok k charakteristike zložených slov na materiáli západoslovanských jazykov

Content
Title variants
EN
Compoundness and composition: a contribution to the characterisation of compounds in West Slavic languages
RU
Композитность и композиция: к характеристике сложных слов на материале западнославянских языков
Languages of publication
SK
Abstracts
EN
The aim of the paper is to analyse compounding and compoundness in Slovak, Czech and Polish. Compoundness is defined as a property of a complex word (compound) having at least two components with lexical meaning. The essential distinction between composition and derivation (affixation) lies in the number of bases in the structure of a word, so it is inevitable that we analyse the notions of base and affix. Subsequently, the paper proposes several criteria on the basis of which the following constituents are defined: base (a free morpheme with lexical meaning, e.g. terapia in the Slovak compound ergoterapia ‘ergotherapy’), baseoid (combining form, a bound morpheme with lexical meaning, e.g. ergo- in Slovak compound ergoterapia ‘ergotherapy’), affixoid (diachronically a free morpheme, synchronically a bound morpheme that has acquired a more general derivational meaning, e.g. Slovak -násť in dva-násť ‘twelve’), affix (a bound morpheme with a general derivational meaning, e.g. Slovak -ista “osoba” ‘person’ in gitar-ista ‘guitar player’). The definition of these constituents makes it possible to establish a more precise borderline between compounding and derivation and introduce three types of compounds: proper compounds, semi-compounds and quasi-compounds.
Contributors
  • Slovo a slovesnost, redakce, Ústav pro jazyk český AV ČR, v.v.i., Letenská 4, 118 51 Praha 1, Czech Republic
  • Slovo a slovesnost, redakce, Ústav pro jazyk český AV ČR, v.v.i., Letenská 4, 118 51 Praha 1, Czech Republic
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.40c507e5-2dd4-482d-a638-7cda8f4749fb
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