This article shows rules for pastoral work that have never been questioned along with challenges in pastoral ministry typical of Poland. Polish pastoral care needs to face the challenges that come with pluralism and democracy. Current political changes are accompanied by a number of negative phenomena, such as unemployment or a deep split between professed faith and actual opinions or behavior in social and personal lives of Catholics. The pastoral care of the 21st century needs to be diversified in terms of its directions, forms, and methods. Today the pastoral care of the family should be seen as a priority. There is an urgent need for promoting and preparing Catholics for participation in the public life. Pastoral care should encourage, affirm, and perfect a greater sensitivity towards charities. The devotion to Mary should be cherished and developed in order to deepen the Polish Marian devotion.