PL EN


2016 | 64 | 2 | 229-246
Article title

Od krize Západu k jeho katastrofě  : Ke strukturalistické koncepci filosofie dějin J. L. Fischera

Content
Title variants
EN
From the Crisis of the West to its Catastrophe
Languages of publication
CS
Abstracts
EN
This article treats of Fischer’s structuralistic conception of the crisis of Western civilisation in its connections with Czech and world philosophy, sociology and politology. Modern history of the West presents a drama in the course of which crisis is followed by peripetia leading to catastrophe. Crisis is understood as a catharsis brought about by new knowledge. When it is a question of the catastrophe of civilisation – that is the disintegration of its existing form – the concept of crisis is, in Fischer’s view, misapplied. The real descent of the West was, in his view, caused by a “primitivism of viewpoint”: more precisely, a disdain towards transcendence. This initiated the dominance of “mechanism”, gradually taking upon itself the forms of the Enlightenment, Darwinism, Marxism and pragmatism. The social consequence of this primitivism is, from the end of the nineteenth century, a growth in violence and egocentric self-assertion. The twentieth century theoretically legitimised this tendency by, among other things, ‘postmodern’ ideology. The actual catastrophe of the West is, however, in its current form, the result of a democratism conceived in a liberal way which, utilising the formalised ideas of Freedom and Rights, masks individualistic abuses and the abuses of narrow interest groups. The dominance of the “new primitivism”, which destabilises the social whole, can be countered only by the revival of the idea of democracy as respect for expertise – with emphasis on the permanent political engagement of competent social subjects. The civilizational catastrophe of the West can be checked only by an overall socio-political intervention which will defend general social interests.
Year
Volume
64
Issue
2
Pages
229-246
Physical description
Document type
ARTICLE
Contributors
  • Filosofický časopis, redakce, Filosofický ústav AV ČR, v.v.i., Jilská 1, 110 00 Praha 1, Czech Republic
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.416f1a4a-a76c-4aa7-a70e-6cea3dba0d11
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.