The article deals with relations between modernism and postmodernism in large cultural and historical framework. Postmodernism here is not understand as continuation or as negation of modernism, but as a 'jin jang' energy, fertilizes each other, rises and fades out together. Author does not work with notions postmodernism and modernism as with cultural-sociable phenomenon typical for Euro-American society, but as an opposition of understanding of those phenomenon in strictly territorial determination. It is not territorial phenomenon but historical phenomenon determined by interactions between East and West. Author uses to describe postmodern situation in European literatures with term 'change of the rules of the game' as deviation of European literature from genre-typological agreements. Today this change manifests in certain syncretism and fictional autobiography of the huge amount of the European literatures, influenced by Eastern poetic and semantic structures, and also by the Nonwestern philosophical tradition.