The article discusses some problems of intercultural education in Poland. The authoress, who has practical experience in intercultural education within the voluntary non-government Society 'ONE WORLD', aims at the analysis of the current situation from the perspective of the anthropologist. She first presents contemporary Poland's cultural frame, which becomes increasingly multicultural, and next describes the actual situation in the Polish school, typically homogenous, which exhibits no need for shaping the attitude of tolerance among young people. Another part of the article is devoted to terminological issues, theoretical assumptions, and themes of intercultural education. In the literature on the subject, we can read about education/ pedagogy/studying on the one hand, while on the other hand the adjective multicultural/ intercultural/international is added. The abundance of terms is one indication of how issues of education can be developed in the name of understanding and communication between cultures, and also about the multitude of attitudes. The authoress describes barriers of intercultural education known to her from her own professional experience. Bureaucracy, a reluctance towards change in the student's attitudes, and most of all, the lack of qualified staff - these all are major obstacles in the development of this type of education. The author postulates a special role in this field for anthropologists and for students of ethnology and culture who as yet do not show enough commitment to intercultural education.