Sociologists and politologists often hold a serious and fierce controversy in the public and in the political press whether there has been an actual transformation of the social structures after 1989-90-es, or merely a replacement of the elite. Some maintain the view that there has been a constitutional regime change, but hardly any replacement of the elite. In this study the author tries to provide the reader with some additional information to the polemic on what kind of developments occurred in the eighties and nineties in the political elite of a small town, Mako, by using the tools of report-sociography. In the author's view, when examining the aspects of the regime change in a small town, we should not focus on trying to fit the different social situations within the boundaries of a single theory, but, rather, we should draw a map of the old and new political elite of small towns, and career paths of the members of this elite (based on the research in Mako and researches to be followed in other small towns). For this purpose, the method of report-sociography might be an appropriate tool.