National categories and contemporary historiography:
This article is concerned with the social and cultural conditions underlying the continuing important role of concepts ofnational history. This continuing viability means that concepts that are ever more strikingly emerging as an altemative to national histories are actually failing to challenge them and often in fact derive from national categories (regional history as the history ofregions within nations and so on). The basic circumstances underlying the demand for national histories continue to be considered problematised, but the importance ofnational identities for European societies remains one ofthe decisive factors here. In regard to national histories, therefore, the situation offers historiography an extensive hut at the same time very problematic opportunity for the legitimisation of the discipline. The article is focused on European trends specifically since the end ofthe 1980s with particular attention to Czech historiography. In this context it then touches on several important discussions and disputes in Czech historiography over the last 15 years.
Dějiny – Teorie – Kritika, redakce, Masarykův ústav a Archiv AV ČR, v.v.i., Gabčíkova 2362/10, 180 00 Praha 8, Czech Republic
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