The activities of Polish theaters in Kiev present one of the most interesting manifestations of Polish theatrical life in exile. During the First World War, the theater could easily compete with leading national stages. Warsaw leading artists, including Juliusz Osterwa performed in Kiev. It is in Kiev this artist realized theater reform in Poland after 1918. After his stay in Moscow and meetings with local leading theatre reformers, it was in Kiev that the Polish artist could implement his experimental plans in practice. Some memorable performances, especially those based on national classics, were innovatively interpreted, staged and performed under the direction of Osterwa in Kiev.