The paper offers an analysis of the semantic structure of the Polish verb 'miec' (to have) in its several different uses. The main aim is to shed some new light on the mechanisms and motivations underlying two basic modal uses of the verb: deontic and epistemic. The author employs the framework of Ronald W. Langacker's 'Cognitive Grammar', with a particular focus on the notion of subjectification, in order to demonstrate that the different uses of the verb represent various degrees of subjectification of the designated conceptual configuration. He argues that the epistemic modal use of the verb, expressing the speaker's doubt about or distancing from the information conveyed, may constitute an extreme case of subjectification, the so-called grounding predication.
Lukasz Wiraszka, c/o Uniwersytet Jagiellonski, ul. Golebia 24, 31-007 Kraków, Poland
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