PL EN


2006 | 44 | 2 | 31-40
Article title

SUPPRESSION AND CONCENTRATION ON THOUGHTS - ON IRONIC EFFECTS OF MENTAL CONTROL

Title variants
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
The purpose of the article is presentation of studies that firstly: were a replication of Wegner's and Erber's (1992) studies which were related with paradoxes of controlling thoughts (suppression and concentration); secondly: enriched it by the stream-of-thought stage. Our studies were an extended version of Wegner's and Erber's experiment, where the participants (in conditions of time pressure or lack of it) gave their associations to the words they had hear. Participants' tendency to associating words they hear with the word the instruction to suppress (Experiment 1) or to concentrate on (Experiment 2) were related to was investigated in that way. In the last stage participants related their stream of awareness marking out appearance of thought about the key object. In the time pressure condition we obtained results that testify paradoxical effects of the effort to suppress thoughts. The concentration task, however, did not lead to the mental control paradox. The obtained results argue that the paradoxical effects of mental control occur in attempts to suppress thoughts more easily than in attempts to concentrate. In case of the concentration task the mechanism is competitive to the paradoxical processes; the mechanism is a greater cognitive accessibility of the content that the instruction to concentrate on was referred to.
Contributors
author
author
  • J. Maciuszek, Uniwersytet Jagiellonski, Instytut Psychologii Stosowanej, ul. Józefa 19, 31-057 Kraków, Poland
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
07PLAAAA02364936
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.43f3d5b5-cf34-36ef-87a4-04f26f28c2ab
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.