'ENTRY INTO AN AGREEMENT TO CHANGE THE ORDER OF THE STATE OR TO REMOVE THE ORGANS OF STATE POWER' IN THE CRIMINAL CODE OF THE POLISH ARMY OF 1944 (Polish title below)
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(Polish title: 'Wejscie w porozumienie w celu usilowania zmiany ustroju panstwa lub usuniecia organow wladzy panstwowej' na gruncie kodeksu karnego Wojska Polskiego z 1944 r.). The subject of this article is an analysis of selected decisions of the District Military Court in Rzeszow, in which sentences were imposed for the crimes against the state, regulated by the Penal Code of the Polish Army (kodeks karny Wojska Polskiego, k.k.WP). The provision of article 88 § 1 k.k.WP in conjunction with art. 86 k.k.WP, which formed the basis for the convictions in the analyzed cases, concerned crimes against the state. The essence of this crime was to enter into an agreement, in order to attempt to change the political system or for the removal of organs of state power through violence. While construing art. 88 § 1 in conjunction with art. 86 § 2 k.k.WP the Military District Court in Rzeszow assumed that the constituent elements of this crime have been satisfied, for example, simply by the fact of meeting with members of the organization fighting for independence and becoming acquainted with the illegal activities of such organizations, or by reading their leaflets. Thus, for the fulfillment of art. 88 § 1 k.k.WP, the Court considered any action which could be attributed to efforts to change the political system, even if it was not proven during the trial that the defendant engaged inany organizational activity.
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