PL EN


Journal
2003 | 48 | 151-157
Article title

MESHCHOVSK

Authors
Title variants
Languages of publication
RU
Abstracts
EN
In this article an etymology of the Russian place name Meshchovsk, a town in the Kaluga region, is discussed. The earliest variants of this name mentioned in historical sources imply a different original form; the modern form of this toponym is a result of several consequent phonetic changes. V. A. Nikonov's etymology, explaining this name as coming from Lettish 'forest, grove', Lithuanian mikas 'forest', is inadequate from the phonetic point of view. In our opinion, the old place name originates from an unattested Slavonic hydronym. The root *mez- is rather frequent in East Slavonic river names; on the appellative level it occurs in words meaning 'the little finger (toe)', 'a youngest child', etc., and is related to Lithuanian mazas 'small', Lettish mazs, Old Prussian massais 'less' (E. Berneker, A. Brueckner and others). Thus the etymological meaning of this hydronym is 'a small stream'.
Journal
Year
Volume
48
Pages
151-157
Physical description
Document type
ARTICLE
Contributors
  • M. A. Yuyukin, 47 Mojsejev str. app. 55, 394 Voronezh, Russian Federation
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
04PLAAAA000337
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.457b58ed-402f-333b-ad45-fa612b63e040
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