The paper concentrates on the problem of historiography in the Institute of History of the Slovak Academy of Sciences in the years 2007 - 2009. In this period scientific research was directed towards the historical development of Slovakia across the whole thematic and chronological range from the earliest times to the present day, and to some selected problems from universal history. The most important results of the scientific work were contributions to various scientific projects supported mainly by the Centre for Excellence of the SAS (CEVKOMSD), the Agency for Research and Development (APVV) and the grant agency VEGA. There was a significant increase in interest in various important anniversaries from our most recent history, for example, in 2008 with its round numbered anniversaries of 1918, 1938, 1948 and 1968, but the scientific research into earlier history did not lag behind. It was manifested in rich and creative historical output. Numerous expert scientific monographs, both individual and collective, syntheses, editions of sources and documents, anniversary volumes, portraits of personalities, encyclopaedias and dictionaries were published. Popularization, especially in the form of regional monographs, was an important part of the work of our modern historians. The writing of various textbooks for schools and universities was also a significant result of the creative research of the staff of the institute.