FOREIGNERS IN THE 18TH CENTURY BIALYSTOK (Cudzoziemcy w Bialymstoku w osiemnastym wieku)
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Foreigners appeared in Bialystok at the beginning of the 18th century. It was Jan Klemens Branicki, the owner of this small town, who initiated their arrival in Bialystok. First to come there were mainly craftsmen specializing in building and construction trade: architects, painters and sculptors - skilled professionals whose task was to rebuild a modest fortified castle into a palace worthy of a great magnate. Together with architectural development, following the example of other magnates, J. Branicki desired to make his town a center of cultural life. In order to provide a musical setting to court celebrations, he started to organize a court ensemble and a music theater. That was the reason for bringing from Italy, France and Vienna outstanding opera and ballet artists, who were to provide a nucleus for a newly created music theater. Some of them resided in Bialystok temporarily whereas the others became permanently connected with the Bialystok court. After Hetman Jan Klemens Branicki's death, some foreigners left Bialystok and never came back there. In the second half of the 18th century, foreign visitors to the city were mainly tourists. A marvelous garden and palace design attracted tourists who were mostly seeking aesthetic sensations.
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