CAPITALISM IN RETREAT. ON SOCIALIST REALISM EPISODE OF POLISH SCIENCE-FICTION (Kapitalizm w odwrocie. O socrealistycznym epizodzie polskiej fantastyki naukowej)
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Science fiction potentially well writes in the literature created in accordance with the pattern of socialist realism. Building the images of tomorrow, it can depict the real states as actual ones, which are ideologically postulated as future projects. At the same time, it expresses the optimism seen as a political and a class category. Moreover, directed particularly to the young, science-fiction has the ability to model a 'new reader' and, as a result, 'a new man'. Contrary to its potential utility, science fiction in socialist realism was hardly present, and decision-makers were interested in it only to a slight degree. Schematism of the texts and oftentimes slenderness of artistic values resulted from the breaking with the continuity of literary tradition: absence of any bounds with high and popular literature in the II Republic of Poland, while documents on the reader reception point out at the disorientation about the nature of science fiction, erroneously identified with science popularization.
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