The article discusses the issues connected with a recently issued Henryk Rzewuski's 'Remarks on Old Poland' based on its manuscript. It stresses the parallels with 'Memoirs of Mr Seweryn Soplica' - most popular Rzewuski's text - which lead to a conclusion that both texts were composed simultaneously and that the old-Polish gentry collection of tales constituting Memoirs finds its theoretical basis in Remarks. It also points at the necessity of modification of the previous distance between the author and the narrator of Memoirs. The author of the article delineates the differences between the views expressed in the two texts in question and the later ones, articulated by Rzewuski in 'Mixtures of customs' and 'November', which are usually regarded as representative of Rzewuski's ideas in general. In the final part, the author presents a characteristics of historical exposition and historical thinking set in Remarks, which always lead to idealization of nobility world based on Rzewuski's imperious judgments.