After 1945, Czechoslovak-French relationships could have reassumed a long-lasting tradition, although France's participation in the Munich Conference damaged mutual relationships. The post-war reality and change of political system in Czechoslovakia after February 1948 gave the relationship an entirely new character. A general stagnation between 1948 and 1954, when Czechoslovakia disrupted official cultural collaboration with France, was succeeded with a brief revival of cultural and educational activities, which, however, froze again in 1959. A new impulse to improvement of relationships in all spheres came in the mid-60s, when France solved its complicated internal political situation and changed its foreign policy. This resulted in normalising cultural relations and signing several official agreements, i.e. a cultural protocol of 1964 and cultural agreements signed in October 1967, which formed a framework for mutual cultural and educational collaboration. The promising improvement of Czechoslovak-French contacts was severed by military occupation of Czechoslovakia in October 1968, which was followed by a new downfall. The air of fear, which dominated the Czechoslovak society, forbade restoration of openness and mutuality, which had existed in Czechoslovak-French relations since the second half of the 60s.