The main aim of the article is the attempt at answering the question whether and to what extent current changes and differences of opinion of the youngest generations of the Poles in chosen analytic areas (i.e., in the field of political attitudes, moral values and social conventions) are indicative of permanent changes in mentality, and to what extent they can be the basis for predicting the future character of society. The subject of analysis is Poland's youngest generations, i.e., successive year groups starting from those born in 1970, and the empirical basis is data from four editions of the Polish General Social Survey. The data suggest that, from among the representatives of the transformation and information generations, educated better than they predecessors, living in better material conditions, having better perspectives of one's own development, there has not emerged a critical potential, and the existing social and political system is generally accepted. Changes in the opinions on the evaluation of the state's functioning indicate a growing consent to economic liberalism. At the same time, traditional moral values are accepted. The observed changes of opinions and attitudes result, in the author's opinion, from the overlapping of various processes of different genealogy. On the one hand, we have the influence of the communist system, exerted through the traditions of older generations and the influence of the developing capitalism and young democracy, while on the other there is the impact of Catholicism and the Catholic Church as an institution. Young generations of the Poles choose their own values, attitudes, concepts of life, which are a resultant of the characteristics of these normative systems. Consequences of this peculiar axionormative dualism will be clear only when the studied generations have taken over the ruling and started shaping Poland's social reality.