In the article the current situation on the job market in Silesian Voivodeship and changes occurring on it are presented together with the predicted development tendencies. Special attention was devoted to the dynamics of changes in the structure of the unemployed, employees and employers. Silesian regional job market - as it is often underlined in subject literature - is a special type of market, shaped by the centuries of tradition in development of the mining industry as well as iron and steel industry. It has been associated with the region in the social consciousness for a long time and up to the present. However, this job market, evolves and changes and many modernisation processes occur within it. Slowly, but systematically the industry is forced out by the service sector, which is still underestimated. The beginning of 2009 marks the significant unemployment increase, occurring together with growing problem of group dismissals. This situation is a consequence of the processes of inclusion of the national job market into the influence of the world markets. The observed economic slowdown, which in some countries results in recession, implies the possibility of structural unemployment in some local job markets of Silesian Voivodeship, in particular those which are dominated by the car industry monoculture.