AGRARIAN DEMOCRACY AS AN ATTEMPT AT A THIRD WAY IN CENTRAL EUROPEAN TRANSFORMATION (Agrarna demokracia ako pokus o tretiu cestu stredoeuropskej transformacie)
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In the first half of the 1920s, the conception of a third way was a basic feature of the ideology of agrarianism, which arose from German and Russian sources and developed within individual agrarian parties at the beginning of the 20th century in the Balkans, especially in Bulgaria and Romania. After 1918, the centre of gravity of theoretical discussion of agrarianism shifted from these countries to Czechoslovakia, which then influenced the agrarian parties in Yugoslavia and Poland. The agrarians cultivated the theoretical concept and vision of a so-called third way as an alternative to the radical leftist ideologies of socialism and communism, and their rightist counterparts, namely liberalism, capitalism and fascism. In the 1930s, Poland took the lead in theoretical discourse and the conception of the third way in agrarianism reached its peak here.
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