The authoress of the essay strives to point out some of the specific features in the writings of two notable baroque preachers, Pavel Josef Axlar and Daniel Nitsch. Both of these writers belonged to a new wave of writing sermons that started to emerge in the homiletics of the Czech baroque in the 1680s. Typical features of the sermons written in the following decades include: ingenious composition, sophisticated symbolism, abundant quotations, and above all, extensive use of metaphors and similes that often expanded into interesting allegories. The intention of the paper is to characterize the structure of the sermons, and to illustrate the individual characteristics in homiletics on the basis of an analysis of the final parts of the sermons. The last part of this paper deals with these preachers' influence upon their audience, and the transformation of the role of the subject and object, which is demonstrated by an interpretation of particular text.