The article gives a short insight into the famous French artist Henri Matisse's (1869-1954) collection of drawings at the Pushkin State Museum of Fine Art. The focus of analysis is on the drawings selected for the exhibition of Matisse's works in Riga, September - October 2005. They are examined in the context of the collection and the artist's work in general. The collection consists of 112 works in total. It has been developed over many years and enriched from different sources. The renowned Russian collector Sergey Shchukin was among the contributors. The works cover the period from 1905 to 1912. One should make special mention of the donations and acquisitions of Matisse's secretary Lydia Delektorskaya. She started to work with Matisse in Nice in 1932, becoming his friend, assistant and model. The museum has received 96 works from Delektorskaya. Matisse's children should also be mentioned among the donors - his daughter Marguerite Duthuit and grandson Claude Duthuit. One drawing was received from writer Ilya Erenburg and film director Sergey Yutkevich.