For the West, China is a synonym of breaking human rights. The study proves that in result of the major transformations in their country, the Chinese hardly care for such sensible awareness, because their development strategy runs between what is traditional and what is necessary to achieve modernity. The work attempts to portray how China is learning, in cooperation with the West. In the traditional manner, the Chinese take over everything that can be favourable for their changes. Shifts in the understanding of human rights are visible, which, however, does not mean a takeover of the western model of understanding. The pragmatic and cultural approach to political and economic actions is the focus of attention here. The conclusion reached says that the development strategy of China may bring about the establishment of a competitive model. The study portrays how the new models of life and social mentalities - including changes in civilisation awareness, opening to the process of globalisation, in which China is among the decision makers - being the result of the sped up growth of the country.