The study introduces soldiers of basic compulsory military service and doing their civic duty from the point of view of ethnology. The first part contains the historical information about military duties. In second part the authoress is trying to define social group of the basic compulsory military service soldiers. In another part of the study she is focusing on analysis of the special phnenomenon. The last part indicates value attitudes of respondents towards the basic compulsory military service. Social group of soldiers of the basic compulsory military service represents a temporary way of grouping the uniformed people, who are doing their civic duty. They live in mutual relationships relatively separated from social life. They are subordinated to a strict discipline, their own rules and initiations. The soldiers of military service have some status within formal and informal relations. Differences in status are demonstrated in share of authority and advantages in relations to others. To realize expected behaviour on the certain position means to perform social role in the social system. The sphere of rights and duties was manifested by clothes too. There is a strong identity in the social group of soldiers of military service. The soldiers of military service could be split up into four groups. Coming into the group and transition from one group to another one is a ceremonial process. In the 19. and first half of 20. century passing through military service meant achievement of adulthood and ability of get married. Informers declared that passing through military service in the 21. century doesn't mean to be adult. According to the respondents there's no sense in passing military service. They agreed with foundation of professional army.
J. Baratova, Ústav etnológie SAV, Klemensova 19, 813 64 Bratislava, Slovak Republic
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