The systemic changes that took place in Poland during the last two decades not only influenced the economy but also management systems within the companies that operate on the Polish market, both state-owned and private companies. The changes can be also noticed in the human resource management sphere. In addition, the companies that performed their activities before the 90ties modify their management system and introduce new solutions. Private companies, whose history is rather brief, must sometimes face questions relating to encompassing personnel matters within a certain framework that defines objectives, organizes processes and develops HR- techniques. The objective of this paper is to present the changes have been occurred in the field of HR-function after 1989 under conditions of the Polish economy. Efforts have been made to show them in the light of changes in organizations and with respect to the HR-strategy, roles of HR-departments and some HR-issues facing currently by many Polish HR-managers.