The author defines the concept ideology and on the basis of this definition determines the content of the term language ideology. The language ideology is held to be a system of standardized cognitive preferences related to the language, having the function of interpretative constructs that serves as a stabilizer of an interpretation of language corresponding to a social order. The expression 'related to the language' involves all aspects of the language that are relevant from the viewpoint of the power-linked metalanguage discourses. It is argued that the traditional approach to the Standard Slovak is under the influence of language ideology sustaining and sustained by social and political power. One of the consequences of this tradition is the maintenance of the structural functionalism adjusted to ideology.