Truancy is a phenomenon concomitant with school since its early dawn. Children and youth oppose teachers, parents and state authorities by undertaking that form of resistance. Unexplained absence is often accompanied by the infraction of the compulsory education legal rule. Most researches concerning the phenomenon of truancy show its 'dark side'. This consolidates quite a typical perception of the consequences of truancy: it leads to difficulties in learning, revealing aggressive behaviour, petty larcenies, robberies, as well as contracting bad habits and addictions. The image of pupils playing truant constructed on the basis of the mentioned information is negative. Is it the right image? What do present-day secondary school pupils think of truancy? What are their activities during unexplained absence from school? What do they gain and lose through truancy? And the main question of the research - what is different in practising truancy by the Poznan elite and non-elite secondary school pupils? The research is an attempt at answering the above questions. A meta-analysis of chosen western authors' researches on truancy and an interview with the Poznan secondary school pupils exhibiting permanent truancy are used.