PL EN


2007 | 49 | 4 | 295-312
Article title

A NEW PERSPECTIVE OF TRADITIONAL INTELLIGENCE THEORIES THROUGH MODERN TEST CONCEPTUALIZATION

Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
This paper discusses the divide between theory-based and test-based understanding of intelligence. Regardless of which intelligence theory might be true or might represent the academic state-of-the-art, intelligence test-batteries are commonly administered because of their existence and availability, and in that sense establish their own 'theory'. The question is which representation of human intelligence actually does apply in practice. As a matter of fact, Wechsler-based intelligence test-batteries are widely used all over the world. In this paper a psychometrically sound representative of Wechsler-based intelligence test batteries, the Rasch model scaled Adaptive Intelligence Diagnosticum (AID 2), is used as an example. Exploratory factor analyses and confirmatory factor analyses were performed with respect to the theories of Spearman, Wechsler, Thurstone, Cattell, and J├Ąger. Confirmatory factor analyses were also performed with respect to a specific model of learning disorders. The data of 662 6- to 16-year old children and adolescents were analyzed. The results indicate a surprising finding: it was not the four factor solution yielded from exploratory factor analysis of the AID 2 standardization sample which fits the data best - Wechsler's two factor model (verbal vs. performance factor) fits almost equally well - but a simple model of learning disorders. This is a hierarchical model with 'perception' as its base component, followed by 'utilization', and 'retrieval' of information.
Year
Volume
49
Issue
4
Pages
295-312
Physical description
Document type
ARTICLE
Contributors
author
author
  • K. D. Kubinger, Department of Psychology, Division for Assessment and Applied Psychometrics, University of Vienna, Liebiggasse 5, A-1010 Vienna, Austria
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
CEJSH db identifier
07SKAAAA03356896
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.501d5078-e1f5-3e9a-a349-dd879f4a6730
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.