THE HOMERIC 'SELF' ACCORDING TO SOME PHILOSOPHICAL INTERPRETATIONS ('Ja' czlowieka homeryckiego w wybranych interpretacjach filozoficznych)
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This article presents and compares four different interpretations of the Homeric concept of 'self'. According to the first, the Homeric man has no concept of himself as a psychic unity, but only as a number of physical and psychical organs (Bruno Snell). The second says that he perceives himself as a complex but unified structure of psychical and physical elements (Norman Austin). According to the next view, the Homeric hero possesses the idea of reason which is able to create a unifying harmony among his various psychic powers and which constitutes the real self of a human being (Arbogast Schmitt). The fourth interpretation holds that the Homeric man identifies himself with his 'Leib', which is the seat of all his sensations, feelings and thoughts (Hermann Schmitz).
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