The paper has been intended to present raw materials purchasing in the food industry, creation and allocation of food industry products supply in Poland and Germany. A correlation analysis that has been carried out in the Polish agri-food industry shows that changes are favourable, and the internal structure of raw material purchasing as well as the ties between food industry and national economy are changing. A comparative analysis shows that the role of the first sector, including mainly the services sector, for the raw material purchasing in the third sector has to increase. The agri-food sector will act as a recipient of agricultural raw materials and as the major supplier of finished food products to the customers (final demand). The role of exports and imports in creation and allocation of food industry products supply should increase - this in turn will result in a growing impact of the global processes on development of the entire agri-food sector in Poland. All elements of the food economy are equivalent without any doubt, although the agri-food industry should play the leading and integrating role.