The paper concentrates on the topic of Patocka's Comeniological conception. Patocka, in his lifelong work on Comenius, sought an answer to the question of what precisely was the original contribution of Comenius in the world of thought - what position Comenius occupies in the development of European thinking. He saw Comenius' achievement above all to be in his creation of a systematic philosophy of education and in his founding of a systematic pedagogy. The basic concepts of education in Comenius are 'emendatio' and 'reparatio'; education is for him a way in which man may be disabused of error as well as helped to overcome egoism and particularism and returned to the path of general order and panharmony. Comenius' labyrinth is, in Patocka's view, also the labyrinth of modern humankind, which has diverged from wholeness. As a result we need, even today, a pedagogy of the universal change, the prototype of which is, according to Patocka, Comenius' pan-education.