A contribution from the conference 'The Second Avant-garde' (part of the grant-funded project 'The Myths, Language, and Taboos of the Czech Post-Avant-garde from the Forties to the Sixties'), which was held on 23 October 2007. The article discusses appropriation in Late Surrealism - namely, from the 1960s. It focuses on the act of appropriation as a change and re-coding of the object, when it claims that the object acquires, by appropriation and recoding, a new, often forgotten, original meaning. The article also considers appropriation as a mimetic approach, arguing that what constitutes the characteristic feature of Late Surrealist artists is not the act of appropriation itself, but comparison with it. The article, in addition, discusses appropriation as a conceptual problem. In conclusion it puts forth the idea that appropriation is not an expression of a crisis, but of opportunities to achieve freedom between art made on commission and self-expression.