This study describes the roots and traditions of Czech historical Russian studies research that focused on the history of tsarist Russia, which means up to 1917. Through analysis of personalities and their work, it draws attention to subjects that were studied and to the methodologies they used. Its goal is to highlight the positive traditions which contemporary research into the tsarist Russian past ought to or at least could follow up upon. At the same time, it takes notice of the necessity of pursuing new, hitherto little studied subjects, or those that have not been studied at all, which are of course indispensable for a complex, modern knowledge of the history of this region. The study is conceived as an overview with sections that provide insight into the works of representatives of individual stages of Czech historical-Russian studies research. It achieves its aims through the method of historical analyses and an accompanying comparative synthesis with elements of painstaking case studies.