CEMETERY OF THE CORDED WARE AND THE TRZCINIEC CULTURES IN GABULTÓW
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Gabultów's region is an area of intensive settlement continuing from the early Neolithic Age to the early Middle Ages. Excavations of the kurgan in Gabultów was carried out in 1998. The exploration led to the discovery of graves related to the Corded Ware (CWC) and the Trzciniec culture (TC). Features 1 and 2 are related to the CWC, the former coming from the older CWC period, the latter - clearly younger - dating probably from the early phase of the Kraków-Sandomierz Group of CWC. The central pit grave (Feature 1) covered with an earth mound yielded remains of timber structural elements - a wooden box with framework construction. The pit contained one body, deposited with its head pointing west. The inventory consisted of richly ornamented amphora with four handles and three decorated beakers, a battle-axe, a Jurassic flint axe with two sides, and some half processed flint material. Features 3, 4, 5 and 6 have been dated at the period of the TC. Grave 5 contained bronze artifacts and four vessels that could be considered as the heritage of Otomani-Füzesabony culture. Features 3 and 6 yielded only a few very small fragments of vessels whose technological traits are evocative of TC pottery. Feature 4 contained backed knife. The excavations carried out at the destroyed mound in Gabultów have demonstrated one more case of using an older CWC mound by a TC community.
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